[27] Because of its versatility for use in a variety of products, today hemp is used in a number of consumer goods, including clothing, shoes, accessories, dog collars, and home wares. Separation of hurd and bast fiber is known as decortication. Hemp-resin. The products are mainly specialty papers such as cigarette paper,[42] banknotes and technical filter papers. [76] Integrated pest management strategies should be employed to manage these pests with prevention and early detection being the foundation of a resilient program. Fibers from hemp are blended with a range of products and solutions including concrete and fiberglass. Hemp is relatively insensitive to cold temperatures and can withstand frost down to −5 °C. The inner two fibers of the plant are woodier and typically have industrial applications, such as mulch, animal bedding, and litter. Many Kimono designs portray hemp, or asa (Japanese: 麻), as a beautiful plant. Hemp juice is a non-psychoactive juice obtained from cold-pressing the upper part of the hemp plant and leaves. [10] Barber (1991) however, argued that the spread of the name "kannabis" was due to its historically more recent plant use, starting from the south, around Iran, whereas non-THC varieties of hemp are older and prehistoric. The hemp fibre is a bast or phloem fibre obtained from the stems of the plants. Description And Uses, Texas CBD Vendors Face Massive License Fee Increase, Billy Caldwell’s Seizures Return After Cannabis Medication Confiscated. [22] Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid scores (PDCAAS), which attempt to measure the degree to which a food for humans is a "complete protein", were 0.49–0.53 for whole hemp seed, 0.46–0.51 for hemp seed meal, and 0.63–0.66 for hulled hemp seed.[24]. In modern times, these plants were cultivated for industrial purposes including biodegradable plastics, construction, food, fuel, paper, textiles, pharmaceuticals, etc. This was traditionally followed by retting, either water retting (the bundled hemp floats in water) or dew retting (the hemp remains on the ground and is affected by the moisture in dew and by molds and bacterial action). There is archaeological evidence cannabis was used for clothing and the seeds were eaten in Japan back to the Jōmon period (10,000 to 300 BC). [22] The ratio of the 38.100 grams of polyunsaturated fats per 100 grams is 9.301 grams of omega‑3 to 28.698 grams of omega‑6. Plant fibres are obtained from various parts of plants, such as the seeds (cotton, kapok, milkweed), stems (flax, jute, hemp, ramie, kenaf, nettle, bamboo), and leaves (sisal, manila, abaca), fruit (coir) and other grass fibres. [70], In contrast to cannabis for medical use, varieties grown for fiber and seed have less than 0.3% THC and are unsuitable for producing hashish and marijuana. Air-dried stem yields in Ontario have from 1998 and onward ranged from 2.6–14.0 tonnes of dry, retted stalks per hectare (1–5.5 t/ac) at 12% moisture. It matures in about three to four months. [118], Hemp is possibly one of the earliest plants to be cultivated. Rochester, VT. Park Street Press, 2010. Since hemp stabilises and enriches the soil that farmers grow crops on and provides them with weed-free fields, without cost of herbicides, it has value even if no part of the plant is being harvested and used. [158] U.S. farmers participated in the campaign to increase U.S. hemp production to 36,000 acres in 1942. It also includes the development of markets in Britain, France, and Spain. The white, fluffy fibres grow around the plant's seed pod, or boll.Once mature, the bolls are picked and a cotton gin is used to separate the fibres … Hemp is considered by a 1998 study in Environmental Economics to be environmentally friendly due to a decrease of land use and other environmental impacts, indicating a possible decrease of ecological footprint in a US context compared to typical benchmarks. [132] The Puritans are first known to have cultivated hemp in New England in 1645.[128]. Decorticators enable the leaves to be left on the stalks during the breaking, although this makes for a messier process requiring more sorting after completion. Hemp fiber is suitable for textiles uses and is obtained by mechanical work of the external fibrous part of the stem of the plant. For centuries, items ranging from rope, to fabrics, to industrial materials were made from hemp fiber. Bear, James A. Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds. In 1892, Rudolf Diesel invented the diesel engine, which he intended to power "by a variety of fuels, especially vegetable and seed oils, which earlier were used for oil lamps, i.e. The Hemp fibre or industrial hemp is obtained from the outer layer or the bast of the Cannabis sativa plant, more popularly known as that meant for producing marijuana or hashish. Organic fertilizers such as manure are one of the best methods of weed control. [58] Alcohol fuel (ethanol or, less commonly, methanol) can be made by fermenting the whole plant. [86][101], From the 1950s to the 1980s, the Soviet Union was the world's largest producer of hemp (3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi) in 1970). Additionally, hemp is being used to clean contaminants at the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site, by way of a process which is known as phytoremediation—the process of clearing radioisotopes and a variety of other toxins from the soil, water, and air. 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